Cyber security refers to the body of technologies, processes, and practices designed to protect networks, devices, programs, and data from attacks, damage, or unauthorized access. Cyber security may also be referred to as information technology security. Offences related to this field are Cyber crimes.
Cyber-crime encompasses any criminal act dealing with computers and networks (called hacking). Additionally, it also includes traditional crimes conducted through the Internet. For example; hate crimes, telemarketing and Internet fraud, identity theft, and credit card account thefts are considered to be cyber-crimes when the illegal activities are committed through the use of a computer and the Internet.
THE IMPORTANCE OF CYBER SECURITY
Government, military, corporate, financial, and medical organizations collect, process, and store unprecedented amounts of data on computers and other electronic devices. A significant portion of that data can be sensitive or privileged information, whether that includes intellectual property, financial data, personal information, or other types of data for which unauthorized access or exposure could have negative repercussions. Organizations transmit sensitive data across networks to and from other devices, and cyber security describes the discipline dedicated to protecting that information and the systems used to process, transmit it or store it. As the volume and sophistication of cyber-attacks grow with the constant evolution of computers, companies and organizations, especially those that are tasked with safeguarding information relating to national security, health, or financial records, need to take steps to protect their business and personnel information. As early as March 2013, the nation’s top intelligence officials cautioned that cyber-attacks and digital spying are the top threat to national security, eclipsing even terrorism.
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